The history of the street gang activities criminology essay

Canada is filled with many street gangs and high-level mafias. Canada has 434 youth gangs with roughly 7, 000 members nationally. Out of 300 gangs in Canada, Crips, Mad Cowz, Bloods, Latin Kings, Gangster Disciples, and Vice Lords are names of street gangs which are active. These gangs are made up with their own categories (eg. East Vancouver). However, prevention and awareness are the favored interference measures for this gang of teens. Moreover, the SPVM trusts that there are 20 main gangs with within the Montreal territory which is divided into 2 distinct groups such as red & blue with 300 and 500 members each. In both cities 5% to 6% gang fights were related to drug-dealing. During the last decade, there has been an increment in the gang members put in jail in Quebec. In Vancouver, the inherited gangs can usually be believed of as fitting inside three levels of refinement and organization. These can be typified as the road or entry level gangs, the organizing mid-level gangs, and the organized or high-level gangs. For example high-level gangs are the Red Scorpion (Bacon group), the Independent Soldiers and the United Nations Gang (Clayton Roueche). Ontario has the highest number of youth gangs and youth members in absolute terms, with 216 youth gangs and 33, 320 youth gang members. Saskatchewan is second (28 youth gangs and 1, 315 members), followed by British Columbia (102 youth gangs and 1, 027 members). Who are there in the street gangs? A street gang is a group of youth or teenagers who use intimidation and violence in order to control productive activities and to carry out some criminal acts to gain status and power. The members of this gang are aged between early teens to early 20s. Group of mature or teenagers who commit high-level offenses alongside targeted violence. Their hobbies are less structured and improved gangs focus on buying and protecting a territory. The Montreal Police Service said that ” An organized group of adolescents and/or young adult who rely on group intimidation and violence, and commit criminal acts in order to gain power and recognition and/or control certain areas of unlawful activity.” Aboriginal youth are extra vulnerable to gang recruitment and coordinated offense than non-aboriginal youth and they are rising in numbers and impact in Western Canada. Many youth who joined gangs have additionally been recognized as youth who are employed in drug dealing and by now encompassed in weighty and aggressive crime. Furthermore, youth who display higher levels of preceding misconduct are extra probable to stay in the gang. Students who are part of street gangs were carrying weapons with them because they thought that it’s easy to beat the opponent with weapon/s and carrying a weapon/s provides them a social respect.

What is the reason to create a street gang?

Moreover, street gangs seek for favorable circumstances to buy region and gain money quickly. ” The ultimate is to feel the cold steel of a gun in your belt and feeling that nobody can touch you because you’ve got this piece. The illusion is that they’re carving out a piece of turf and what they don’t realize is that all they are carving out is a piece in the cemetery” (Reverend Harry Lehtosky)Individuals are attracted to gangs because they offer: a sense of belonging, excitement, protection, money, friendship. Poverty, disadvantage and discrimination make the violent street gangs. Street gang villains are people alongside sociopathic acts. They have no principles or guilt, are emotionally impulsive and immature, and do not discover anything from their experience or change it after punishment. There are many reason why youths are involved in street gangs

Why do youth join street gangs?

For a sense of belonging or to be part of a group/accepted by your peers. For the excitement and risk of the gang lifestyle. To seek protection from potential violence. to earn moneyto be with friendshave low self-esteem or motivationfor the perceived power and status associated to gangsFriends or family members belong to a gang. drug and alcohol abusepovertyAbuse or neglect at home.

Street Gang activities

Overall, the results of gang membership were smaller than a little of the chance factors connected to chronic insulting, such as past of bloodshed and prior imprisonment, and supplementary controls such as race. Even though investigations of prison bloodshed and misconduct are rightfully and vitally advancing in the direction of explanations that incorporate importation, deprivation, and situational results, we finish that more specification of the importation ideal is needed. Moreover, The less structured gangs involve in crimes such as, drug trafficking, robberies, extortions and property crime. They involve drug and armaments trafficking, juvenile prostitution, theft, advance sharking, extortion and fencing stolen goods. Some pursue excitement; others are looking for impact, protection, to make money or a sense of belonging. These street gangs do trafficking in illegal weapons and drugs, home invasion, robbery and sex trade. Criminal Intelligence Service Canada says that biker gangs and Italian or Asian organized crime gangs are the suppliers to the street gangs of Canada. About 100 died in 2005 due to drug trade related violence. Using the official infraction records of 831 male, inmates sampled from the Southwestern USA, this study explored the prison violence records of inmates involved in street gangs, prison gangs and both types of gangs vis-à-vis chronic offenders. The street gangs are distribute concerning the land surrounded by body of water and steadily advancing from local to one more. Gun bloodshed in main metropolises in Canada had been a producing concern, exceptionally in Toronto, Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver and Montreal. Youth joined are been encompassed in offence, bloodshed and unlawful drug use. Many street gangs make the high schoolers get involve with crime activities; the gangs do not hesitate to use weapons like spray, knives, batons, bats and pepper spray. The gangs seek attention all the time and they are ready to do anything. The activities of the gangs vary according to the level of groups. Mid-level gangs often get involve with high-level crimes and crime groups. High-level organized groups are very sophisticated, well structured. Inmate behavior is primarily extended for the antisocial behaviors that offenders of criminal develop in community. The high-level gangs are much insulated with crimes they do. They seem legitimate to the public and very hard to prosecute. In June 2007, a large police brush that saw 95 unproven Crips seized in Toronto; additionally, grabbed 32 guns and drugs alongside an amount million dollars. The communal web scrutiny suggests, for example, that gangs were appealing just as countless affirmative than negative connection alongside supplementary gangs.

Government’s action towards street gangs

Annually, approximately 5 billion Canadian dollar or about 600 dollar is spent for the economic related organized crime. The Budget of 2008 provides 30 million each year in supplementary, ongoing funds to the National Crime Prevention Strategy. These funds are in supplement to the Strategy’s perpetual annual backing center of 33 million. The Strategy is administrated by Public Safety Canada’s National Crime Prevention Centre and is grasped in collaboration alongside the areas and territories.” In partnership with the federal government through its national crime Prevention Strategy, Toronto’s Preventing Youth Gang Activity pilot project will help youth and family members disposed to gang activities find and access the social support they need. By working together to provide opportunities and community development, we can reduce youth gang violence in Toronto.” (Mayor David Miller) Michael Chettleburge said that, seizing colossal number of gang into custody gives opportunity for another gang to form. Another arrest in April 2009, 125 people were arrested, of whom 46 were unproven road gang associates.

Signs youths show if there is any involvement in street gangs

use of hand signalssuddenly performs poorly in school and unexplained absencesargumentative with teachers and parentsShow signs of, or admits to, tobacco, alcohol or drug use. New friends with questionable habits and attitudes. claim they need to carry a knife or other weapon for protectionSurprise purchase of expensive items with no explanation on how these items were paid for. now wearing tattoos which are out of character from his/her past historydraw gangs graffiti on bedroom walls and booksstaying out without good reasonsassociating with known or suspected gang membersBrag about having a negative interaction with the police; and arrested by the police for vandalism or other delinquent behavior.

To assist in preventing gang activities by teenagers, parents must :

learn about gangs and sign of gangs activitiesjoin others to keep neighborhood gangs freeDiscuss with your teenagers gangs are associated problems. Tell your teenagers that you are disapprove of gangs. Tell your teenagers that you are concern for their safety and the safety of your family. Spend quality time with your teenagers but talking and listing to them. help identify good role models for your teenagersGet to know all your teenager’s friends and their parents. Continually inquiry about your teenager’s whereabouts.