Martha Rogers’ Theory: Science of Human Beings
Several theories are applicable in my nursing practice. These theories make it easier for caregivers to address the health needs of their patients. Martha Rogers’ theory of nursing is appropriate to my practice. The theory of “Science of Human Beings” can transform the quality of care availed to different patients. The theory presents powerful concepts that can transform many nursing institutions. This nursing theory “focuses on the manifestations emerging between human beings and their surrounding environments” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 45). The theory “identifies various concepts such as openness, pan dimensionality, energy field, and pattern” (Butts & Rich, 2010, p. 14). These characteristics define the life process of human beings. Caregivers should use these characteristics in order to understand the experience of their patients.
Martha Rogers’ educational background contributed a lot to the above nursing theory. To begin with, the theorist graduated from Knoxville General Hospital School of Nursing in 1936. She attained a Diploma in Nursing during the same year. She later joined “George Peabody College in 1937” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 45). She obtained her nursing degree from the learning institution. In 1954, the scholar obtained a doctorate degree from Johns Hopkins University. She also became a member of the American Academy of Nursing after obtaining her doctorate degree. She also conducted different researches in order to widen her concepts in nursing (Jarrin, 2012). She published the article “Theoretical Basis of Nursing” in 1970. She also published another article titled “Nursing: Science of Unitary, Irreducible, Human Beings Update” in 1990. These accomplishments made it easier for the theorist to achieve her goals. These ideas also made it easier for Rogers to produce a powerful nursing theory.
As mentioned earlier, Martha Rogers used various articles and publications to present her theoretical concepts. The article “Nursing: Science of Unitary, Irreducible, Human Beings Update” highlighted some of the aspects of her theory. She also authored a new article in 1990. The title of the article was “Vision of Space Based Nursing”. These works by Martha Rogers have encouraged many physicians and caregivers to promote the concept of unitary beings. Different theorists such as Dorothy Johnson and Betty Neuman have used Rogers’ concepts in order to develop their nursing theories (Jarrin, 2012). Many scholars are also using Rogers’ theory to produce the best nursing practices.
Martha Rogers’ theory addresses the major challenges affecting different nursing institutions. For instance, many caregivers do not treat nursing as a holistic practice. Martha Rogers’ theory encourages every medical professional to use evidence-based ideas. Many nurses are currently using these concepts in order to treat different diseases (Fawcett, 2003). Martha’s theory also encourages caregivers “to examine the manner in which the environment affects the health experiences of different people” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 46). This practice is currently making it easier for many healthcare professionals to offer evidence-based care to their patients. The theory also encourages caregivers “to analyze the social, physical, spiritual, emotional, and mental aspects of their patients” (Butts & Rich, 2010, p. 42).
Martha Rogers uses a powerful approach in order to produce her nursing theory. The theorist begins by analyzing the concepts associated with nursing. The theorist goes further to “present new arguments such as the connection between human health and the surrounding environment” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 19). This new understanding makes it easier for the theorist to present new aspects about the nature of healthcare. The theorist uses both an inductive approach in order to produce the theory. This top-down approach makes it easier for the theorist to redefine the nature of nursing. She also “introduces new concepts to describe the life process of every human being” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 20).
The theory presents major concepts in order to make nursing a powerful practice. The first concept is energy field. This concept makes it easier for caregivers to examine the relationship between people and the surrounding environment. The “concept of openness explains how human beings and the environment exchange their energies” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 19). The other concept is pattern. This concept results from “the energy fields existing between humans and the environment” (Mariano, 2005, p. 50). Pan dimensionality is the other concept supported by Rogers’ theory. The “concept explains why there should be no ordering of lives” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 20). The “theory also presents three homodynamic principles that encourage more people to perceive the idea of unitary beings” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 21). These three principles “include helicy, integrality, and resonancy” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 19). This discussion explains why such concepts produce a powerful theoretical model. She also uses these concepts and terms in a consistent manner. This approach makes the theory applicable in different nursing environments.
The theorist uses an explicit approach in order to define the above concepts. An explicit approach makes it easier for different scholars to state things accurately. This practice also reduces the level of confusion. The definition and connection between the above concepts supports Rogers’ theory. This definition encourages more caregivers and theorists to use the theory (Jarrin, 2012). The author also uses the concepts in a consistent manner. An explicit approach makes it easier for caregivers to use these concepts in a professional manner. The practice will eventually produce the best medical outcomes.
There is a powerful relationship between every two concepts. The theorist also uses these concepts in a systematic manner. Every concept encourages different caregivers to support his or her patients. For example, energy field is a powerful concept that defines the life of a human being. The concept “also refers to the unit of every nonliving thing” (Mariano, 2005, p. 50). The “term openness explores how these energy fields interact with the natural environment” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 22). This concept describes how human beings are always exchanging their energy fields with their surrounding environments. These energy exchanges will eventually result in new patterns. The third concept is pattern. That being the case, the theorist uses these concepts in a proper manner. This relationship “makes it easier for nurses to understand the issues affecting their patients” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 23). This knowledge will make it easier for many caregivers to achieve their career objectives.
Evaluation of the Theory
The theory uses implicit assumptions in order to improve the quality of nursing care. According to the theory, a powerful connection exists between human beings and their surrounding environments. The environment “will affect the life experiences and health patterns directly” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 20). The theory also “assumes that such individuals will always exchange their energies with the environment” (Mariano, 2005, p. 50). This process determines the health status of every person in the society. The theory also analyzes the unique beliefs and ideas embraced by different caregivers. They theory encourages caregivers to focus on every aspect of the human life. The “mental, spiritual, physical, emotional, and cultural experiences will determine the health outcomes of different patients” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 23). Healthcare professionals should use this knowledge to support the changing health needs of their patients.
Martha Rogers’s theory presents the best description of the four meta-paradigms of nursing. This approach makes the theory meaningful and applicable in different healthcare facilities. To begin with, the theory treats people as unitary beings. Human beings are always “irreducible and indivisible” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 20). Every individual will have different energy fields. The theory encourages caregivers “to look at the whole human being without examining the unique parts” (Mariano, 2005, p. 50). The theory also supports the health needs of many people in the society. The second meta-paradigm of nursing is the environment. The environment has unique energy fields that form different patterns. Such “energy fields are integral in nature” (Mariano, 2005, p. 50). Nurses should focus on these manifestations in order to address the needs of their patients.
The theory also describes the third meta-paradigm in a proper manner. According to Martha, health is an “expression of the whole life process” (Butts & Rich, 2010, p. 24). This paradigm “arises from the mutual interactions formed by environmental and human fields” (Butts & Rich, 2010, p. 27). Nursing should be a powerful practice that focuses on the experiences of different patients. The practice should also promote the best concepts strategies in order to produce the best outcomes. Nursing should be an “organized approach that uses evidence-based ideas to support the needs of different individuals in the society” (Mariano, 2005, p. 50). A proper understanding of these energy fields will make nursing a powerful practice that serves all human beings. These four meta-paradigms encourage more caregivers to focus on the best nursing outcomes.
As mentioned earlier, Martha Rogers’ theory has transformed the nature of medical practice. The theory presents clear concepts and descriptions that can produce the best medical outcomes. Medical practitioners should use these four meta-paradigms in order to achieve the best goals. The theory also presents consistent ideas that can make nursing a powerful practice (Butts & Rich, 2010). The ideas presented by Martha Rogers have the potential to transform many nursing institutions. The theory also encourages more scholars to produce the best nursing models. The practice has also made it possible for many caregivers to achieve their goals.
The analysis of “the four meta-paradigms will encourage more caregivers to re-pattern the energy fields of their patients” (Mariano, 2005, p. 49). The theory examines the connection between health and nursing. The theory also explains how human beings “can have quality lives even when they have different diseases” (Jarrin, 2012, p. 22). This fact explains why every caregiver “should use the theory to support different communities, patients, workmates, and societies” (Mariano, 2005, p. 49). The theory encourages more caregivers to address the challenges affecting their nursing environments. The practice will eventually produce the best medical outcomes. Such nurses will also become competent healthcare providers. The individuals will also be able to achieve their career objectives and goals.
Martha Roger’s Theory of Unitary Beings can guide a wide range of nursing actions. To begin with, the theory encourages caregivers to offer holistic support to their patients. The theory can make it easier for nurses to understand the health needs of their patients (Butts & Rich, 2010). Nurses should also examine the impacts of the four meta-paradigms of nursing. This practice will make it easier for caregivers to offer the best medical support (Butts & Rich, 2010). Many medical institutions mainly focus on the health experiences of their patients. However, the agreeable fact is that “a person can have a good life without necessarily having a healthy body” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 48). This fact explains why “caregivers should address the health needs of the whole patient” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 48). This approach will ensure every caregiver addresses different health problems.
The theory also supports the use of evidence-based concepts. Many healthcare institutions encourage their nurses to support every patient. Martha’s theory also encourages caregivers to read widely. The approach will equip them with better competencies in order to achieve the best medical outcomes. Nursing is “the art and science of patient care” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 48). The author of the theory examines the issues and conditions affecting many communities. This knowledge will make it easier for many caregivers to address the challenges affecting their patients. The theory will encourage more nurses to re-pattern the health experiences of their patients. Rogers’ theory “can make it easier for many nurses to fulfill the physical, psychological, emotional, and spiritual needs of their patients” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 49). This practice will ensure every individual achieves the best health outcomes. Martha Rogers’ Unitary Beings Theory will “ensure different communities, families, and patients receive the best care from their caregivers” (Fawcett, 2003, p. 49).
I am currently working as a Nurse Manager (NM). This position calls for appropriate ideas in order to produce the best health outcomes. NMs should always encourage their nurses to offer the best healthcare services. I have been using various ideas and strategies in order to support the health needs of my patients. I have also been supporting the needs of my nurses and caregivers (Mariano, 2005). This discussion has equipped me with new concepts that can produce the best health outcomes. I will always use the theory to educate my nurses. I will also use these competencies to monitor the health needs of my patients. I am also planning to undertake new studies and researches in nursing. These studies will make it easier for me to understand the major issues affecting different healthcare organizations (Butts & Rich, 2010). The approach will also present new strategies that can make nursing a powerful practice.
NMs should always mentor their nurses in order to achieve the best outcomes. I will use Rogers’ theory to analyze the major environmental issues affecting the health conditions of different communities. Nursing should be a holistic practice that focuses on the needs of different human beings. I will always use Roger’s theory in order to achieve my goals as a Nurse Manager. I will encourage my employees to embrace the practice because it serves the needs of many people (Fawcett, 2003). I will use different scientific concepts and technologies in order to bring hope to more patients. I will also read more books and articles in order to achieve my goals. The practice will eventually make me a successful NM.
Butts, J., & Rich, K. (2010). Theories of Advanced Nursing Practice. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Fawcett, J. (2003). The Nurse Theorist: 21st Century Updates: Martha E. Rogers. Nursing Science Quarterly, 16(1), 44-51.
Jarrin, O. (2012). The Integrality of Situated Caring in Nursing and the Environment. ANS Advanced Nursing Science, 31(1), 14-24.
Mariano, C. (2005). An Overview of Holistic Nursing. American Holistic Nurses Association Imprint, 1(1), 48-51.