Literature review of migrant health

Literature Review of Migrant Health Migration refers to the process of social change where a person travels from one social setting to another because of settling down for a prolonged time or permanently. This form of movement may be for several reasons, for instance, political, educational enhancement, and economic ((Bond and Bond 9). The process of migration is also stressful to the individuals and may this stressful situation may cause mental illness. Nevertheless, the tremendous cost of health care and the decrease in health insurance are among the two significant long-term issues that face people all over Europe. These issues are remarkably intense for immigrants to Europe, who have tremendously miniature rates of health insurance cover and inadequate health care services. This paper will look at foremost contemporary issues in immigrant health all over Europe. This will include the different forms of diseases and issues relating to the different health care issues. The natives of different European countries and immigrants utilize health care resources in a different manner, with immigrants characteristically accessing the health care resources less regularly. Current immigrants are more probable to have health issues, for example, tuberculosis, post-traumatic stress disorder, hepatitis B, leprosy, parasites disease, malaria, and rheumatic heart disease. All these situations require treatment. Nonetheless, without sufficient health care access, immigrants are less probable to receive medical care. In addition, even if immigrants can access health care facilities, language and cultural difficulties may become a barrier in receiving adequate health care. Health care givers should be conscious of these issues so that they can effectively assist immigrant patients. Receiving treatment for instant health requirements is essential. Nonetheless, addressing the collective health needs before issues arise is also essential (Pelner 7). It is unfortunate that immigrants cannot do not have these capabilities. Also, current immigrants living in different parts of Europe encounter tremendous challenges in their new homes because of a number of reasons; they include dealing with cultural issues, overcoming discrimination, and managing traumatic experiences in their home nations. The impacts of immigration on social and psychological well-being are particularly extreme for specified members, for example, those with minimal financial resources, children, people with disabilities, and women (Bond and Bond 24). In spite the significant need for mental health services, migrants face considerable barriers to accessing adequate mental health care. Experience to traumatic situations, together with complicatedness in acculturation, may cause long-lasting and grave behavioral and psychological issues, for instance, a tremendous risk for suicide, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety. Nevertheless, immigrants have lower utilization, and minimal access to mental health care services. Immigrants encounter numerous obstacles to receiving health care service, for example, they mistrust mental health professionals, and may also lack adequate finances for these services. In addition, a large percentage of health care received accessed by unregistered immigrants is through emergency departments. Nevertheless, a large number of health care services are acquired through community health centers and public clinics (Gold 3). Also, there are a number of studies that indicate immigrants are more probable not to have health cover, have lower earnings, report less medical situations, make minimal connections with the health care systems, and spend minimum amount of money on health care. There is an interesting scenario where immigrants, particularly, undocumented immigrants highlight minimal rates of asthma, cancer, hypertension, heart disease, depression, and arthritis than natives of the country. In addition, several investigators have attributed lower reported chronic disease and lower levels of health care use to a number of aspects. The first issue is that in comparison with the native-born people, migrants are comparatively youthful, leading to a healthy immigrant population. The second issue is that the migration process, particularly in situations of individuals moving without documents, may have a positive impact on the health selection process. This is because the less healthy individuals do not have the ability to survive the frequently strenuous journey. Thirdly, a large number of immigrants, in particular, those without documents, may evade accessing health care due to the concern of being found out by law enforcement agencies (Bond and Bond 96). In most scenarios, immigrants are more probable to wait until they are severely sick and then seek emergency treatment instead of accessing preventive treatment before the progression of the disease. Additionally, in Europe, young ones of undocumented immigrants face a large possibility of lacking a medical home and are therefore taken emergency departments partly because of fear of parents that they will attract interest of the immigration agencies (De La Torre 32). Moreover, when these young ones get their treatment services in emergency departments, stability of treatment is interfered with and they are not treated until advanced phases of a disease. Finally, immigrants may not be aware of having communicable diseases, and may infect members of the native population. Works Cited Bond J., and Bond, S. Sociology and Health Care. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1994. Print. De La Torre, M. A. Trails of Hope and Terror: Testimonies on Immigration. New York: Orbis Press, 2009. Print. Gold, R. “ Immigrants and Medicaid after Welfare Reform.” The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy 6. 2 (2003). Print. Pelner, C. M. “ Illegal Aliens and American Medicine.” Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons 10. 1 (2005): 6-10. Print.