Free research paper on language of europe

The European languages fall under three Indo-European talking categories, the Romance languages from Latin, the German languages that belong to the Roman Empire and the Slavic languages. Based on the classification of the European languages from the map, it is evident that the Indo-European languages that fall under the same level of classification tend to have the same characters in common. For instance, the countries that fall under the Eastern part of the Europe map share the same characteristics in a way that, they happen to be behind the Iron Curtain before it collapsed. In reference to the previous centaury, this political boundary helps us to acknowledge a region that was different in terms of development when contrasted to the rest of the states that fall under the Western part of the European countries in 1990. The different tongues spoken on the lowest level include Occitan, Catalan, Sardinian and Rhaeto-Romance. The Romantic languages started as dialects of Vulgar Latin and later extended during the Roman occupation that involved countries such as Italy and Balkans. The tongues developed into separate languages in 5th and 9th century spreading to America, Asia and Africa. The map has a consistent approach in defining language as opposed to dialect in a way that they indicate the language group and beneath show the number of dialects it has. For instance, Albanian fall under the Indo-European speaking forms and has two main dialects which is Tosk and Gheg (Sydney 78).

The map divides Germany into upper middle and low regions because it bases on the dialects in Germany. This makes sense in a way that it reveals how the country creates mutual relationship with the neighboring dialects. It reveals how low, the upper Germany dialects existed, and spoken in purest manner and not intelligible for those who knew the standard Germany. The fact remains that the German dialects belong to dialect continuum of the high and low German and that the neighboring dialects were perfect and mutually intelligible. This makes sense because it reveals how the Germany terms from the Geographic characteristics and the terrain people spoke them (Kirk 92).
There countries from the English map such France and Germany that speak more than one language. Zarborski map depicts such a situation as a case where each language that fall under the Indo-European language family to have a large written literature. This explains why states such as Germany speak in more than one language that is widely used. The languages also play an official role a part from the normal native part. Under this category, Switzerland has four languages that include Italian, German, Romansh and French. From the map, it is evident that the minority members of the local linguistic groups in Canada had a high rate of speaking English and French. A part from speaking more than one language, alternative approaches that will improve on the situation include replacing all the languages with one language. This is because the use of many languages in a country tends to divide the country. The use of a dominant language such as English helps citizens from different state to coordinate when it comes to business and boosts on economic integration (Burns 56).

Mapping is a vital idea because it helps us identify different countries and the languages they speak, it creates awareness of the leading language that is widely spoken and written globally such as English. It reveals results of the detailed analysis of the linguistics showing the similarities and differences between the languages. The advantages of English language mapping is that it provides ways in which people can access fast to job and study opportunities worldwide if they share the common language. The limitation is that, it tends to create a linguistic gap in a way that the Elite in the society oppress the minor who use different language (Jim 84).

Work Cited

Kirk, John M., Stewart, Sanderson, and J. D. A. Widdowson. Studies in Linguistic Geography:
The Dialects of English in Britain and Ireland. London: Croom Helm, 1985. Print.