Friedrich Nietzsche noble human beings the best approach on human nature. Nietzsche fundamental idea is the driving force of human action; the will to power. It is the inherent will to power within humans that affirms human life and the will to live, dominate, and grow. Humans operate on the general principle of growing, domination throughout life. However, human do not live, grow and dominate at equal levels. There are inherent differences in the human society. The noble human being, therefore, is the one who advances the will to power. He who is noble honors himself as one who is powerful, has power over oneself, knows when to be silent and when to speak, and delights in self-discipline. Nietzsche opposes the meekness propagated by the “ slave morality” and advocate for “ master morality.” Whether one is a slave or not, the desire to be free to act, is a critical characteristic of all human beings which is not removed by being a slave. For this reason, humans struggle to liberate themselves from such captivity. Removing the salve mentality in the vain person is one of the major moves from liberation from what is assigned to one by the ruling class or ancestors (Chad Meister, 2007. pg. 456).
Augustine’s belief that the grace of god can liberate one from the evil and lead to a life of justice, peace, goodness, and joy may not necessarily work to a person with the slave mentality. In addition, the will to power presumes that one has to know the consequences of one’s actions and hence, it allows for the examination of the motive of action before acting. The love for self-destruction, as Augustine opines (Chad Meister, 2007. pg. 442) can be controlled by the will to power. The four moral principles suggested by Meniscus Righteousness, wisdom, propriety, and humanity (Chad Meister, 2007. pg. 447) operates within the human will to power. Therefore, the will to power describes the nature of humans to greater extend than the ideals of Meniscus and Augustine.
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Chad Meister. The Philosophy of Religion Reader. 2007. Routledge