Background information about crime prevention policies

Research background information about crime prevention policies Research background information about crime prevention policies
The previous crime policy in University of Chicago, New York and Minnesota
According to research carried out by the University of Chicago, roughly five hundred thousand individuals are murdered all over the world. Most of the people are confirmed to be victims of crimes with properties that are worth billions of dollars are stolen. Unfortunately, there is very little that can be done in order to remedy the situation. For instance, a report given in 2005 from the National Academy of Sciences claimed that there was very little evidence concerning the best methods of reducing gun violence in the United States. Although various programs have been launched around the world for the past decades, violence reduction has become more cumbersome for the policy makers due to lack of feedback where they can learn from experience (Harris, 2005).
According to the research, the crimes, drug abuse and violence include individuals who are characterized with history of violence, poverty or originating from a community with high rate of residential instability. The University of New York on the other side launched clear and straightforward mission with the help of Public Safety Department. The mission was to create a secure and safe environment for the staff, faculty, students and visitors in order to pursue their aspirations and goals. Similarly, the University of Minnesota is also committed in maintaining security and safety to all individuals. The institute mainly focuses on providing same opportunities and educational access to everyone regardless of their sex, color, race, disability, national origin, sexual orientation and religion. The harassment act due to differences is therefore not tolerated in the school environment and is considered to a criminal offence (Campbell, et al. 2004).
Safety and Crime prevention policies offered by the Universities
The University of Chicago Crime Lab tries to advance our understanding on how best we can reduce violence and crime through assisting the government agencies in evaluating new pilot programs. The main methods used are similar to that of the Adbul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab that uses experimentation in order to identify means of improving health and reducing poverty in the developing world, though their focus is closer to home. The Crime Lab was invented in 2008 and has been progressed by charitable seed funding from the University of Chicago Office of the Provost, the Joyce foundation and the Social Service Administration School. On the other hand, the University of Minnesota has various bodies that deal with Students who engage in criminal acts. These bodies include; Grievance policy, federal Law, and Student Conduct Code. In addition, the school also has various projects that help in reducing criminal acts as well as punishing the individuals involved. In order to protect the community around it, New York University has security officers who work daily to maintain security. Additionally, the school has an emergency number with call boxes located all over the campus. These measures help in preventing crime acts and increasing security in the surrounding (Boulding, 2010).
Security infrastructure on the campuses
There are several projects in the campus that had been formed to help reduce the rate of insecurity in the community. The Chicago Initiative to Reduce Gun Violence among School Age Youth is one of the projects launched by the Crime Lab. There are most promising projects such as Becoming a Man (BAM) where several individuals apply and have the potential to reduce gun violence in Chicago. Additionally, the Clery Act is a federal law that requires various universities to report criminal activities and safety information noticed on campus and in the neighboring areas to the campus community (Bhopal, 2009). New York university call boxes that have been placed all over the school serves as a way of dealing with emergency for safety purposes. Moreover, the NYU helps the school in maintaining security since it has a capacity to send blast texts through email or voice messages to cell phones in order to pass in formation in case of emergency. The University of Minnesota also has the University Police that help in reducing crime rate.
Increment or decrement of crime in recent years
According to the current research by the universities, criminal offences have been high for the last few decades. For instance, in the research carried out by the University of Chicago, most people, around 500, 000 lost their lives due to crimes while properties worth billions of dollars are lost as a result of theft. The findings also discovered that the best methods of reducing crime and violence had not been discovered thus explaining the reason for the crime rate increment (Brown, 2009). According to the projects launched to reduce crime in the universities, there are great expectations that the rate will definitely lower.
Bhopal, K., (2009). South Asian Women and Arranged Marriages in East London: Ethnicity, Gender and Social Change. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.
Boulding, K. (2010). The Image. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Brown, N. (2009). Life Against Death. Middleton. CT.: Wesleyan University Press.
Campbell, A., et al. (2004). The Voter Decides. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson, 1954.
Harris, R. (2005). Murders and Madness: Medicine, Law and Society in the Fin de Siecle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.