Ancient egypt

Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt There are various reasons that make the source scholarly including that the is SalimaIkram, a Ph. D. holder and Professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo. She has made contributions to a number of magazines, is a Kmt (Egyptological journal) contributor and is a frequent guest on relevant television programs. Many of her works have been published including Death and Burial in Ancient Egypt, Mummy in Ancient Egypt, Pyramids, The Tomb in Ancient Egypt, Royal Mummies in Ancient Egypt, Non-Human Mummies Catalog, Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, among other works. Being a professor at American University in Cairo, having published many works, and studied at Bryn Mawr College for Bachelor in Egyptology and Archeology, University of Cambridge for her Masters and PHD in Egyptology and Museum studies make her a credible expert on this topic.
There are no scholarly sources cited in the article but the author makes an allusion of scholars work stating “ scholars believe the valley had from about I million to 4 million people” (“ Ancient Egypt, Par. 5).
The author’s thesis in the article is that Ancient Egypt was the “ birthplace of one of the world’s first civilizations (“ Ancient Egypt, Par. 5”). The author believes that one of the world’s first civilizations began 5, 000 years ago along  the River Nile and lasted for over 2, 000 years making it the longest lasting civilization ever. The author uses three main points as a measure of backing up her thesis on Ancient Egypt being the earliest civilizations in history. These three points are “ Ancient Egypt created the worlds first national government, basic forms of arithmetic and a 365-day calendar” (“ Ancient Egypt, Par. 2”).
To back the above main points the author uses other illustrations to strengthen the thesis including the creation of a form of picture writing known as hieroglyphics, invention papyrus a writing material, development of religion on life after death, and the building of great cities from which arose skilled doctors, architects, painters, sculptors, doctors, and engineers.
The author uses the main points to strengthen the thesis through writing on the history and life of Ancient Egypt. The author writes about  the start of civilization when King Menes United Lower and Upper Egypt around 3100 B. C. forming the world’s first government. King Menes also made Memphis, present day Cairo, as the capital of Egypt depict the earliest national government backing the main thesis in the article. The author uses the second point to back the thesis through highlighting the observations made by Ancient Egyptians in Astronomy and Geography. The effect was the development of a 365-day calendar that has been used since then to the present day. The basis of the calendar was the flooding of River Nile as observed by ancient Egyptians allowing for the dating of Egyptian history.
The development of arithmetic by Ancient Egyptians is used to back the main thesis through showing the ways through which Ancient Egyptians were able to measure distances, volumes, areas, and weights. This had not been done in other areas globally showing that the first civilization actually began in Ancient Egypt. Measurement by Ancient Egyptians was made through counting in tens though without the use of zeros allowing for the development of the current counting system. The use of geometric in determining land borders depicts the start of arithmetic in Ancient Egypt backing the thesis.
Work Cited
Ikram, S. (2015). Egypt, Ancient. In Academic World Book. Retrieved from
http://www. worldbookonline. com/academic/article? id= ar175060